Chapter 14 Notes

Chapter 14 Notes - Chapter 14: Standardized Test A history...

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Chapter 14: Standardized Test A history of educational/psychological testing o To classify children (in pursuit of more efficient learning) o To monitor school systems by external authorities Usefulness o Test became important tools for education policymakers, despite their apparently limited value to teachers, students and principals. o Information about student performance was understood to be essential as a basis for organizing classroom learning and judging its output History continued o Once the information was created, it was quickly appropriated to uses for which it had not been designed- to compare among schools and districts. o By the 1870s, many school leaders were beginning to question testing o 1869- Galton publishes The Classification of Mean According to their Natural Gifts which stimulated the mental inheritance and individual differences o 1888- Cattel opened a testing laboratory at University of Pennsylvania, which helped establish the foundations for mental measurements in the United States. the influence of colleges o The university sector sent a clear message of dissatisfaction with the quality of high school graduates, and urged a return to the high standards to which the elite colleges had been accustomed to in earlier times. o The College Entrance Examination Board was formed in 1900
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1901, first exams were administered around the country in 9 subjects. These early exams were closely tied to specific curricular requirements. o Achievement and ability vie for acceptability 1908- Edward Thorndike conducted a study, which indicated that the schools were full of students who were not progressing 1890-1917 population went from to 67 million There was no evidence that the problems of students being above normal age for their grade or dropping out were most serious in those cities having the largest foreign population 1890-1917- there were more kids of foreign born parents enrolled in school between ages 5 and 14 then there were of native born parents. 1917- Terman and a group of colleagues were recruited by the APA to help the Army develop group intelligence test and a group intelligence scale. (the alpha scale) 1929- the University of Iowa initiated the first statewide testing program for high school students The Iowa program moved testing away from classification and selection 1926- SATs were created 1938- Buros publishes the first Mental Measurements Yearbook o Access Expands Enrollment in public schools jumped from 25 million in 1949-50 to 46 million in 1969-70. Although in part due to the baby boomers, it also reflected progress toward the goal of universal access. 1942- the Test of General Educational Development (GED) played an interesting role in expanding educational access
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1975- testing becomes mandated by federal law Many minority leaders argued that standardized tests allowed children the opportunity to demonstrate their ability more effectively- and more fairly- than had been able to in the highly
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course EPSY 121X taught by Professor Giambona during the Spring '08 term at Pacific.

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Chapter 14 Notes - Chapter 14: Standardized Test A history...

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