The Effects of Terrorism and Crime on International Tourism

The Effects of Terrorism and Crime on International Tourism...

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Terrorism and Tourism 1 The Effects of Terrorism and Crime on International Tourism Mike Gemmati International Tourism 315 Section 01 Professor Hardy October 16, 2006
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Terrorism and Tourism 2 Abstract The international tourism industry which brings in roughly $91.1 billion dollars in the U.S. alone is one of the largest economic factors in a given country. After much research it is easy to see that terrorism and crime can be one of, if not the biggest factors in shaping the tourism patterns as well as the needs and wants of tourists. Crime and terrorism affects everything from the travel industry to the media as well as the economy of the country. Despite the fact you can not control when and where the attack or crime will take place, having a solid structure and plan for crises management can help getting the attacked location back on track sooner. Because tourism is such a large part of a countries economy it is crucial to get the industry up and running as soon as possible.
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Terrorism and Tourism 3 The Effects of Terrorism and Crime on International Tourism The impact that tourism has on an economy for a given area is undeniable. According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), international tourism generated $476 billion in 2000, a figure that accounts for roughly one-tenth of global total tourism revenue, suggesting that, with domestic revenue, current total tourism revenue could be as high as five trillion dollars (Lutz 2006). Because it is such a large part of a given country’s economy it is easy to see why even the slightest event that can deter tourism should try to be stopped at all costs. One major player that influences the tourism patterns is the impact of crime and terrorism globally. Crime and terrorism can have many negative effects such as economical like previously mentioned as well as others like a decline in air line travel and the tarnishing of a certain destination. Despite most of the time having a negative effect there are a few positives that can come out of crime and terrorist attacks. When acts of crime and terrorism do happen they seem to affect the tourism industry in all aspects. Terrorist attacks have some of the most detrimental economic consequences on tourism. For instance the terrorist attacks of “9/11 left NYC in hard times economically because people saw the area as unstable as well as because the terrorist chose to hit a target which represented the economy” (Cousins 2002). Further, a major outbreak of terrorism can hinder economic activity in a country in other ways. Foreign investors may withdraw, visitors stop coming, and trade can
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2009 for the course REL 315 taught by Professor Hardy during the Spring '09 term at SUNY Brockport.

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The Effects of Terrorism and Crime on International Tourism...

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