Chapter 3 Notes

Chapter 3 Notes - February 4th, 2008 Chapter 3: Personal,...

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February 4 th , 2008 Chapter 3: Personal, Social and Emotional Development Erickson’s stages of socio-emotional development and crisis o How people come to understand themselves and the meaning of others’ behavior and their own o People pass through 8 psychosocial stages o There are psychosocial crises are to be resolved o Stage 1: trust vs. mistrust Birth-18 months Child’s development of a basic trust in the world Mom is key Trust in getting needs met based on responsive parenting Establishment of a secure base from which positive self esteem and exploratory behavior emerges o Stage 2: autonomy vs. doubt 18 months- 3 years Child’s dual desire to hold on and let go Children will develop a sense of independence and autonomy if they are encouraged by the parents to explore the world around them- within safe boundaries However, if children are restricted or over protected, they come to feel shame, doubt or unhappiness Parents must adequately supervise and guide, while allowing the child to explore and express independence o Stage 3: initiative vs. guilt 3 years- 6 years Child’s growing sense of initiative
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Child’s view of him or herself changes as they deal with the conflict between the desire to act independently of parents while dealing with the guilt of unintended consequences of their actions Severe punishment of child’s initiative results in guilt about those urges Children begin to understand themselves as persons in their own right and they begin to make decisions about themselves that will eventually shape who they will become o Stage 4: industry vs. inferiority 6-12 years Child attaining competence in meeting the challenges presented by the environment Teachers/peers become increasingly important Parental influence begin decreasing Success leads to a sense of industry, good feelings about oneself and one’s abilities Failure creates negative self-image o Stage 5: identity vs. role confusion 12-18 years Searching for an identity (“who am I?”) Peer groups become
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Chapter 3 Notes - February 4th, 2008 Chapter 3: Personal,...

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