Chapter 2 Notes

Chapter 2 Notes - January 28 th , 2008 CHAPTER 2 Cognitive...

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Unformatted text preview: January 28 th , 2008 CHAPTER 2 Cognitive development and language o Principles of development Rates differ Orderly Gradual o Continuous versus discontinuous theories of development Continuous Development progresses smoothly and gradually from infancy to adulthood Children are small adults who lack experiences Changes are quantitative Discontinuous theories Development occurs through a series of distinct stages each stage is qualitatively different from others must proceed through each stage in order Piagets cognitive development theory biological basis for cognitive development frontal lobe-higher order thinking, motor planning and execution parietal lobe- sensorimotor occipital lobe- visual temporal lobe- auditory cortical structures association cortex at the junction of primary lobes o language o object naming o visual motor integration long term memory storage happens at the site of sensory input o information taken in through visual pathway is stored in that part of the cortex takes at least 20 years for a fully functional prefrontal cortex sub cortical structures basal-ganglia- responsible for motor coordination limbic structures- emotion and emotional memory brain development: Neurons neurons are the cells taht store and transfer information impulses travel from the soma, down the axon, to the terminal buttons, where neurotransmitter substances is releases, into the synapse where it stimulates the next neurons (usually a dendrite) which starts the process over again when a new experience is taken in, neurons synapse with other neurons axons grow and seek out places to synapse onto o axonal growth meanwhile, dendrites branch out to meet up with synapses- arborization o this suggest that the environment significantly effects biology o the left and right side myth you are either left or right brained left hand people were learning disabled later, people attributed the left hemisphere to verbal abilities and right to nonverbal its not what each hemisphere processes its HOW the information is processed o Left Hemisphere concerned with rote, detailed, local, concordant, and automatized information tends to tackle multiple choice items and make fine distinctions automatized/familiar associations are the work of left hemisphere o Right Hemisphere Concerned with big picture, novel, holistic, global and discordant information Tends to tackle free response(essay) items and explore multiple associations o Academic achievement tap the left hemisphere because they are usually multiple choice Right hemisphere is used in acquisition of new learning Children with right hemisphere problems may not be identified right away because K-6 is more memory which is left brain o Piaget theory of cognitive development Scheme- organized pattern of behavior or thinking to deal with world...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course EPSY 121X taught by Professor Giambona during the Spring '08 term at Pacific.

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Chapter 2 Notes - January 28 th , 2008 CHAPTER 2 Cognitive...

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