10-21-08 - INTRO TO LAWSO1 Race in US Legal History...

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INTRO TO LAWSO1 – 10/21/08 Race in US Legal History : Constitutional amendments after civil war – ending slavery (13 th ); granting citizenship, due process and equal protection (14 th ); enfranchising black males (15 th ). Reconstruction (1865-1877) – post-civil war era, federal power used to provide and protect rights to newly freed slaves in south; ended with a “compromise” when federal troops were withdrawn. Jim Crow – laws passed by state and local governments to enforce racial segregation. Plessy v . Ferguson – state laws mandating Jim Crow are constitutional; racial segregation is legitimate policy under doctrine of “Separate but equal”. “One drop rule” – a person with any non-white ancestry was legally “not white”, evidence of mythic notions of white racial supremacy and purity Black disenfranchisement (1890 - 1908 ) – 10 southern states passed new constitutions barring black voting. NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) established in 1909; charter: o
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