10-29-08 - POLI SCI 6 10/29/08 UNIVERSAL DEMOCRACY Larry...

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POLI SCI 6 – 10/29/08 UNIVERSAL DEMOCRACY – Larry Diamond Is Democracy a Universal Value? The most successful countries in the world are democracies. The majority of countries in the world are democracies. No other model of governance has normative legitimacy or popular appeal. There is growing acceptance of the idea that democratic governance is a basic human right. Waves of Democratization : 1 st : 19 th Century o North America and Western Europe. 2 nd Post WWII to mid-1970s o Germany and Japan; India; Post-colonial countries in Africa. 3 rd : 1974-present o Portugal and Spain; Latin America; Easter Europe. o Period begun with 40 democracies, ~ 120 today (of 193). Empirically, is Democracy a Luxury? Must Economic Development Come First? 30% of the least developed countries in the world are democracies. 40% of those in the bottom third of development are democracies. A small, poor, Muslim country like Mali can sustain democracy. India proves that a VERY large, very poor, ethnically, linguistically and religiously diverse country can sustain democracy. Democracy:
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10-29-08 - POLI SCI 6 10/29/08 UNIVERSAL DEMOCRACY Larry...

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