12-1-08 - POLI SCI 6 12/1/08 Nigeria Largest country in...

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POLI SCI 6 – 12/1/08 Nigeria Largest country in Africa (137M est.) o Home to 25% of African population. Important oil producer (5 th largest supplier to US). Politically unstable, high corruption (“ prebendalism ”) Poor— o Life expectancy 47 years. o 50% have access to sanitation and potable water. o Infant mortality 10%. o Chronic disease (cholera, polio, malaria, sleeping sickness). Social Divisions : Ethnicity : 25-499 different ethnic groups; three major groups – Hausa-Fulani (N-28-30%); Yoruba (SW-20%); Igbo (SE-17%). Religion : Muslim north (half+) and non-Muslim South (Christianity = 30%); religious tension often generate violence. Region : Coincides in part with religion and ethnicity; north is dry and poor and Muslim; South has more resources and better services; oil is off shore—profits controlled by non-Igbo. Class : small wealthy economic and political elite, large underclass; wealth linked to positions in government, source of corruption. Managing Ethnic conflict : Authoritarian imposed “peace”. o
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12-1-08 - POLI SCI 6 12/1/08 Nigeria Largest country in...

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