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Bkbd_The Greeks

Bkbd_The Greeks - RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS Truth is...

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PSYCHE = Greek for soul LOGOS = Greek for the study of a subject. ANIMISM : everything in nature is alive ANTHROPOMORPHISM : project human feelings and emotion onto nature; everything contained a spirit or ghost Magic evolved to influence spirits = CONTROL OVER NATURE Psychology
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GREEK RELIGION OLYMPIAN : Gods who resembled upper- class DIONYSIAC-ORPHIC : Soul is a prisoner of the body
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PHYSIS: The primary element THALES: Water ANAXIMANDER : “Boundless” HERACLITUS: Fire PARMENIDES: One or “changelessness” PYTHAGORAS: Numbers DEMOCRITUS: Atom HIPPOCRATES & EMPEDOLCES: water, earth, fire, and air; love strife.
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MONISM: No distinction between the mind and body Pythagoras: full-fledged dualism; Mind is immortal, the sensation is mortal and should be avoided.
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Unformatted text preview: RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS: Truth is subjective SOCRATES: Agreed with Sophists but also promoted introspection PLATO: Ideas are independent of subjectivity Reason Sensation = ignorance REMINESCENCE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE: Rationalism Introspection Nativism ARISTOTLE • Sensation is critical to knowledge • All things have a purpose • There is an “Unmover” • Nature is organized from earth, to plants to humans to the “unmover” • Memory versus Recall • Imagination and Dreams • Humans are motivated by appetites for knowledge • Rationality controls appetites • Everything in moderation! EARLY GREEK THOUGHT BROUGHT US OUT OF THE DARK AND INTO THE LIGHT....
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