Anthropology Notes- Forms of Descent Groups

Anthropology Notes- Forms of Descent Groups - Forms of...

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Forms of Descent Group 3 different forms 1. Lineage- a descent group with a common known ancestor - Patrilineage The male line Daughters leave Patrilocal - Matrilineage The Female line Sons leave Matrilocal 2. Clan- members believe they have a common ancestor - May not specify the genealogical links - Made up of several lineages - Long historical background - Ancestor is often a mythical figure Nonhuman ancestors are called totems 3. Bilateral Kindred - Membership Both mother’s and father’s side close relatives Multiple known ancestors Kinship Calculation
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Classification systems based on how different cultures perceive their social worlds. Provides information on - Social organization - Political organization - Economic organization No 2 individuals will have the same kinship system However, general patterns do exist Key Types and Kin Terms Aunts = Fz or Mz Uncles = FB or MB Cousins = FBs or FBD, MBS, MBD Nephews = BS, ZS Nieces = BD, ZD Kinship Terminology Kin terms versus biological types - Parallel cousins- The children of a person’s parents’ same-sex sibling - Cross cousins- The children of a person’s parents’ opposite sex sibling 4 ways of classifying kinship 1. Lineal Terminology - Parental generation has four terms Mother, father, uncle, aunt
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- Distinguishes relatives in a direct line (lineal) from all other relatives
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2009 for the course ANTH 1102 taught by Professor Gonzalez during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

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Anthropology Notes- Forms of Descent Groups - Forms of...

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