Lecture Notes - CH3

Lecture Notes - CH3 - CHAPTER 3 Foreign Policy Decision...

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CHAPTER 3 Foreign Policy Decision Making Chapter Outline I. The Emergence of the Modern State System II. The Global and Domestic Determinants of States’ Foreign Policy Behavior A. Geopolitics B. Military Capabilities C. Economic Conditions D. Type of Government E. Controversy: Are Democracies Deficient in Foreign Affairs? I. The Unitary Actor and Rational Decision Making F. States as Unitary Actors G. Policy Making as Rational Choice H. Impediments to Rational Choice II. The Bureaucratic Politics of Foreign Policy Decision Making I. Bureaucratic Efficiency and Rationality J. The Limits of Bureaucratic Organization K. Attributes of Bureaucratic Behavior L. The Consequences of Bureaucratic Policy Making III. The Role of Leaders in Foreign Policy Decision Making M. Leaders as Makers and Movers of World History N. Factors Affecting the Capacity to Lead O. Controversy: Policy and Personality: Do Leaders Make a Difference? P. Refinements to the History-Making Individuals Model IV. Constraints on Foreign Policy Making: Problems and Prospects Chapter Summary I. The Emergence of the Modern State System The modern state system emerged in 1648 at the end of the Thirty Years’ War. This war had religious, governmental and geostrategic dimensions, which ended with a new, decentralized structure of government composed of states. States were given state sovereignty, with their territory under their sole jurisdiction, unrestricted control of their domestic affairs, and the freedom to conduct foreign relations and negotiate treaties with other states. Although the term nation-state is often used interchangeably with state, a nation-state implies a convergence between territorial states and the psychological identification of people within them. The concept of foreign policy includes the goals that officials heading states seek abroad, the values that underlie these goals, and the means or instruments used to pursue them. 1
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World Politics: Trend and Transformation II. The Global and Domestic Determinants of States’ Foreign Policy Behavior In making foreign policy, states are impacted by both global and domestic influences, although the process of globalization has fused these two into what is often called intermestic decision-making. Q. Geopolitics A state’s location and physical terrain influence its foreign policy. For example, both the U.S. and Great Britain have been able to maintain relative autonomy due to their physical separation from other states. Most states are more constrained by their proximity to their neighbors. Leaders’ perceptions of available foreign policy options are influenced by the geopolitical circumstances that define their states’ places on the world stage. The geopolitics school of realist thought and political geography generally stress the influence of geographic factors on state power and international conduct. R. Military Capabilities
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Lecture Notes - CH3 - CHAPTER 3 Foreign Policy Decision...

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