sept.27th 3a03 - Totemism Chapter two The Principle Totemic Beliefs CTN The Totemic Animal and Man Totem is a brother member of the kin group we do not

sept.27th 3a03 - Totemism Chapter two The Principle Totemic...

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Totemism Chapter two: The Principle Totemic Beliefs CTN, The Totemic Animal and Man Totem is a brother, member of the kin group, we do not eat that animal, but there are certain occasions where they must eat it Matrilineal and totem was important, contact between man and his totem was prohibited ‘images of the totem being is more scared the totem being itself” Totem animal is not a god but a member clan, it is not higher than any member of the clan Member of the totemic clan believes he/she is a double, a human being and an animal, this presents a problem which helps Durkheim explain totemism When a member bares the name, they have a part of that animal in themselves The blood, foreskin, fat, liver, hair has some certain sacred to it, human body conceals in it’s depth that abrupt to the surface at certain circumstances Totemism is not zoolatry, not worshipping animals, but rather a relationship of equal value, but animal has slighter higher value that’s why the totem is called the father or grandfather - is both a religion containing the elementary forms of religious life and a form of kinship - totem was a name in the beginning, usually a name of an animal - beyond the name, they were kin – related to one another. There were also certain features emphasized o it was forbidden for members to eat the flesh of the totem animal but there were certain ceremonial occasions where it was compulsory to eat it o these clans were exogamous (marriage outside their clan) so that a clan was part of a larger tribe o in addition to being a name it was also an emblem - p. 111 that every member had an emblem or coat of arms which was the family coat of arms part of heraldry – Durkheim makes the same comparison “the totem is not simply a name it is an emblem…” - this emblem was imprinted on things which belonged to the clan. P. 114 middle paragraph “these vary facts provide a sense…” (tattooing) - the tattoo is an emblem which represents membership within the group, an identification - suggests that the emblem is more sacred than the person themselves – the emblem is the most sacred, more sacred than the animal and the individual members of the group. p. 118 “these totemic declarations…” - p. 121. “in themselves, the churingas…” - p. 124 second paragraph “the sacredness stems from one cause” – something material stands for something social **** main understanding of the book*** o just as a flag stands for the country and their customs and traditions
Chapter 2 - talks further about the relationship between the human beings and the animals within the totemic clan - the prohibition of eating the clan animal, members of other totems can kill and eat the totem animal because its not sacred to them - there are religious occasions where usually forbidden becomes compulsory - p. 133 first full paragraph “the images of the totemic being is more sacred than the

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