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coursehero classics 40

coursehero classics 40 - Classics 40 Final Review...

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Classics 40 Final Review orthodoxy-emphasis on correct belief, use of rituals. faith & grace. orthopraxy- “correct action/activity”. religion places emphasis on conduct. ethical & liturgical. ecstasy-closely connected to Dionysus (who is God of..). a state of religious fervor & euphoria, often mental and spiritual awareness is heightened. ex. The Bacchae thyrsus-a staff of giant fennel covered with ivy vines and leaves and topped with a pinecone. Euripides stated honey flowed from those that the Bacchic maenads carried. sacred instrument @ religious rites for Dionysus. Maenad-female follower of Dionysus. “raving ones”. dancing & drunken intoxication; in such a state they shout, engage in uncontrolled sexual behavior and ritualistically hunt down and tear animals, and sometimes humans, apart by their hands and then devouring the raw flesh. typical dress was fawn skin, ivy wreaths upon the head and wielding a snake & thyrsus. epiphany- “to show, make known, or reveal”. communion-the sharing or exchanging of intimate thoughts & feelings, esp. if the exchange is on a mental or spiritual level dramatic irony-irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play. ex. The Bacchae. miasma-an oppressive or unpleasant atmosphere that surrounds or emanates from something. in this case, the House of Atreus: more of a curse that overwhelms the house and is perpetuated by further killing. anti-hero-a protagonist whose character or goals are antithetical to traditional heroism. ex. Jason in his quest for the Golden Fleece.
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xenia- “guest friendship”. Greek concept of hospitality or generosity and courtesy shown to those that are far from home. rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host. Bolen-Jungian psychiatrist. drew portraits of feminine qualities embodied in the goddesses of Greek myth and described their manifestation in women of our time. archetypes play a big role in her work. Freud-psychiatrist. sexual desire as the primal motivation energy of life, free association, interpretation of dreams. ego, superego, id: 1. rational seeks to balance between the following two. involves denial, repression and displacement 2. moral component of psyche, sense of righteousness. situation not taken into account. 3. impulsive portion of psyche that operates on ‘pleasure principal’ Campbell’s heroic cycle- Call to adventure Refusal of the call Supernatural aid Crossing of the first threshold Belly of the whale (rebirth of sorts) Road of trials Meeting with the Goddess Woman as the temptress Atonement with the father Apotheosis (hero’s idea of reality changed. breakthrough expansion of consciousness) The Ultimate Boon (now prepared to do what he set out to do) Refusal of return The magic flight
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