Group Exam 2 review

Group Exam 2 review - Group Interaction Exam #2 Study Guide...

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Group Interaction Exam #2 Study Guide I. Chapter 8: Structuration Theory- the concept that a group’s rules, operating procedures, and resources emerge out of the verbal and nonverbal communication between members. A.The Three Assumptions behind Structuration Theory: 1. The behavior of a group is constrained by the general rules of the society in which they live, the structures of the particular group in which they find themselves, and the behavior of the other members. 2. People can choose whether or not to follow the rules of the group. 3. Group creation is a process; the group creates itself initially and also recreates itself. B. How can the theory help us understand small group communication? - Communication among members is what creates group rules, and once rules and structures are in place communication is what keeps them there/changes them. C. Of what does the structure consist? -A variety of internal/external factors 2. The nature of the group’s task 3. Such structural dynamics as the interplay between important (maybe conflicting) values. D.Adaptive Structuration Theory: 1. A version of structuration theory that focuses on how the rules and resources of computer technology are used in the structuration process.
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2. GDSS use: Computer based hardware systems designed to improve the quality and speed of group problem solving. When used correctly, they help groups brainstorm and communicate effectively. II. Chapter 8: Symbolic Convergence: The theory that humans create and share meaning through talk and storytelling, producing an overlapping (convergence) of private symbolic worlds of individuals during interaction. A.If fantasies aren’t falsehoods or dreams, what are they? – Members telling stories, relating past events, and sharing anecdotes that have a bearing at the unconscious level on the group’s process. They help create shared meanings for the group. B. Fantasy Chain- a series of statements by several or all group members in which a story is dramatized to help create a group’s view of reality. C. Process group follows in sharing/rejecting a 1. Help members create the group’s unique identity 2. Help a group deal with difficult information that members might feel reluctant to address directly 3. Help direct a group’s actions by subtly endorsing or condemning particular courses of action 4. Can be entertaining and fun for the group III. The Abilene Paradox: Members fail to convey their desires to one another, group members are fearful of inaction, don’t leap to decisions prematurely A.What helps? 1. Balance advocacy and inquiry 2. Reflective thinking IV. Differences between research journals and
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magazines/popular sources V. Chapter 8: Primary and Secondary Tension A.Primary Tension: stems from primary sources, the social unease that occurs when members of a new group first meet, or during competition for power among members. B. Secondary Tension: Work-related tension found in the
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Group Exam 2 review - Group Interaction Exam #2 Study Guide...

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