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American_Foreign_Policy - American Foreign Policy Politics...

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American Foreign Policy Politics 240 Spring 2008 Prof. Jim Marquardt Study Terms for Second Examination Exam will be held on April 11 Isolationism Isolationism is a foreign policy which combines a non-interventionist military policy and a political policy of economic nationalism ( protectionism ). In other words, it asserts both of the following: 1. Non-interventionism - Political rulers should avoid entangling alliances with other nations and avoid all wars not related to direct territorial self-defense . 2. Protectionism - There should be legal barriers to control trade and cultural exchange with people in other states. Isolationist heritage - “Washington’s rule” 1) George Washington’s farewell speech a) i) No comparison to European powers b) If a republic wants to stay alive, we got to stay out of the European competition (mainly British-French) c) However , he believed that the American republic was better off with the British, even though he did not say it straight i) hints to prevent political chaos over the U.S. ii) Britain dominates the oceans -> if America wants free trade, it has to stay in good terms with the British power d) Warns against passionate ties with certain nations i) No alliance with Britain or France 2) a) The U.S. should not interfere in Iraq if the U.S. does not think Iraq is its primary adversary i) Intervention would only worsen relations 3) If you have permanent & passionate relations with a country, it’ll get you into trouble, because you have to help them with their problems a) E.g. America & Israel
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Isolationism canard 1) Justin Logan (2006) The “Isolationism” Canard a) There’s a difference between seeking security by defending the U.S.’ interests abroad and computing messianic projects to transform foreign governments. b) Bush administration’s definition of the national interest is absurdly broad: for instance, when the president claims that the security of Americans is contingent on “the end of tyranny in our world.” i) Not isolationism – more discriminating view of the national interest 2) Georg F. Kennan (the creator of “containment” policy): “This whole tendency to see ourselves as the center of political enlightenment and as teachers to the rest of the world strikes me as unthought-through, vainglorious, and undesirable a) “American foreign policy is at its best when it is “very modest and restrained”” i) President Bush would see Kennan as an isolationist, even though he was the intellectual architect of the containment policy Non-alignment 1) Washington’s rule is not about isolationism, but non-alignment Isolationism is a cluster of attitudes and expectations of America’s doings abroad i) Non-alignment – not tangled relations ii) Preservation of our national sovereignty iii) No American participation in foreign wars John Quincy Adam’s warning 1) But she (the U.S.) goes not abroad, in search of monsters to destroy
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American_Foreign_Policy - American Foreign Policy Politics...

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