PLSC117_2708 - 2/7/2008 8:33:00 AM How is contemporary...

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07/02/2008 08:33:00 How is contemporary state formation different frm the early modern era? What causes states to fail? Are states formed in the contemporary era more likely to fail? Contemporary v. Early Modern State Formation o Potential pitfalls better understood Ex: A lot of early states didn’t know that if you were to  continuously default on loans the source would eventually dry  out. (Didn’t really know the result of their early choices.) o Expectations higher Because of comparisons with existing state.  Two types being talked about: 1) Expectations of the civilians. They expect services to  be provided in their own state- however this can be  difficult in the beginning because some states may not  have the resources or organization to be able to do this. 2) Expectations of the bureaucrats who run the state are  also higher. Like military officers in the newer countries  expect to have more up to state things like the older  states. (Again limited resources make this difficult or  impossible. ) Early states didn’t have a comparison line.  o International institutional environment Institutions for facilitating political relations between states. (Institutions involve both organizations like the UN and  the rules that house states expect for others to act-  example: diplomatic immunity.) Another example: Conquest of territory is now rare  because it’s not expected and if it does happen,  this alarms other states.  Institutions for facilitating economic interaction between states. 
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Trade, investment, currency- all are now very well  established. (Borrowing from other countries may lead to  trouble however).  Problem: Also not as malleable, so new states don’t have  a voice in helping shape economy because it’s so set in  stone. o Extent of international inequality of wealth Newly emerging states are in the mercy of the currently existing  states (especially the more powerful ones). The Problem of State Failure o Definition: Inability of state to exert effective control over its territory  and population. (things that cause state failure are not part of the definition)
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PLSC 117 taught by Professor Benjaminfordham during the Spring '08 term at Binghamton University.

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PLSC117_2708 - 2/7/2008 8:33:00 AM How is contemporary...

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