comm3210rdg#2-10 - CYBERNETICS IN HISTORY Introduction Many...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CYBERNETICS IN HISTORY Introduction - Many implications of the theory of messages - Larger field which includes: o The study of language o The study of messages as a means of controlling machinery and society o The development of computing machines and other automata o Certain reflections upon psychology and the nervous system o A tentative new theory of scientific method - This larger theory of messages is a probabilistic theory Invention of Cybernetics - Cybernetics derived from the Greek word that meant steersman - Cybernetics works as a single term that describes the complex ideas of the theory of messages - In his book, he defined cybernetics by classifying communication and control together o When communicating, one person conveys a message to the other o When the second person communicates back, he returns a related message with information that is primarily accessible to him and not the other person o When one controls the actions of another person, a message is communicated and the technique of communication does not differ from that of a message of a fact o If control is to be effective, one must become aware of any messages from the other person which may indicate that the order is understood or has been obeyed - Thesis of the book (cybernetics): o Society can only be understood through a study of the messages and the communication facilitates that belong to it o In the future development of these messages and communication facilities, messages between man and machines, machines and man, machine and machine, are destined to play an ever increasing part Argues that when he gives an order to a machine, the situation is not essentially different from that which arises when he gives an order to a person Thus, the theory of control in engineering, whether human or animal or mechanical, is a chapter in the theory of messages Purpose of cybernetics - To develop a language and techniques that will enable us to attack the problem of control and communication in general (detailed differences in messages and in problems of control) - To find the proper supply of ideas and techniques to classify their particular signs (manifestations) under certain concepts Commands and information
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
- Commands in which we exercise or control over our environment are a kind of information which we pass on -
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern