PLSC117_22808 - 8:30:00 AM Explaining World War I...

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28/02/2008 08:30:00 Explaining World War I Explanations reviewed today: Realist Systemic Explanation o Focus the strategic situations on the “Great Powers”—great powers  considered great because other states exist but don’t matter as much  because can join the great powers Great Powers: France Germany Russia Austria-Hungary Great Britain Italy Ottoman Empire? (Unclear in 1914 wheter the Ottoman  Empire should be regarded as a great power or not).  “Sick man” of Europe because it was in poor fiscal  condition (weak military and in debt to other  countries) Similarity of state motivations Motives: Antagonism between France and Germany:  French Grievances—Alsace and Lorraine.  o French were incredibly bitter of this  because lost these two provinces to  Germany in 1871. (Made amicable relations  not possible). o Germany had issues with states on both  sides of where it’s located (also worried  about Russia). o Russians were much more opportunistic— wanted territory in south eastern Europe  such as the Balkans and Romania o Austria-Hungary was losing power  (weakening). o Italy just wanted more territory.
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o British were concerned that Germany had  made a powerful navy. British had  previously adhered to the two-country  standard. (British wanted to be twice as  powerful navally than all other states.  Threatened by Germany because its navy  is growing larger) 
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PLSC117_22808 - 8:30:00 AM Explaining World War I...

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