final study guide

final study guide - Study Guide Environment and Behavior...

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Study Guide Environment and Behavior : Final Exam Study Guide Key Terms: 5 Environment-behavior principles - Principles: Reciprocal relationship between physical environment and behavior. - Context: Geographic place that an environment is in. - Power: Ability of an environment to influence behavior; environments can hide power. - Diversity: Gender/age; range of elements found in an environment (texture, form). - Contest: Struggle for control or use of an environment to suit the user’s needs. Environment-behavior Theories - Environmental Determinism: Design and planning have a direct and deterministic effect on the way people behave. - Possibilism: Environment provides opportunities for a range of possible human responses, but people have discretion to choose between them. - Probabalism: Some choices are more likely than others. Planners, designers or architects Equals Users needs, desires Vision for environment or not equal to or cultural values Place Models - Place as a set of visual attributes: Can use artists visual attributes design like a form of communication. - Place as a product: Market driven idea. - Place as process: Progression of an area- how places change. - Place as meaning: Significance places have in one’s emotional life. Social Space Defensible Space Public Space - Appropriated (user determined) - Controlled Opposing visions for public space - Ordered: - safe, secure, planned - “appropriate public is allowed access – recreation, leisure – focus on user’s comfort and eradiation of disorder - Appropriated: - unmediated, free social interactions – user determination of space – absence of coercion of powerful institutions – politicized space – tolerates risk of disorder Recent Trends in Public Space - Erosion of “appropriated” public space - Increase in “controlled” public spaces - Privatization of public space - Growth of dead public spaces
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Study Guide - Disneyfication of public spaces - Public spaces as consumption (place as product) Quality of Life Campaign - Aggressive policing of misdemeanor crimes - Broken Windows Theory - Zero Tolerance - Police Discretion - Marketing - Psychological “face lift” or reduction of crime Cyber Environments Interactive society → 2 different kinds - Proximal Environments: Place and time bound; face to face interaction. Physical space - Cyber Environments: Digital Space, no longer place and time bound, computer mediated communication. Types of Cyber Environments - Computer mediated communication (CMC’s) e.g.) email, list serves, newsgroups - Multi-user domains (MUD’s) e.g.) chat rooms, face book, my space Cyber Environment Notes: - Positive vs. Negative impacts of the internet → Digital Divide: people who have the internet and people who don’t. -
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final study guide - Study Guide Environment and Behavior...

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