Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Health Psychology Health Psychology...

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Chapter 14- Health Psychology 30/11/2007 09:44:00 Health Psychology Refers to the application of psychology to the promotion of health and the treatment of illness. Ask if by essay format for final- does this mean 5 paragraph essays or long answered answers. Rene Descartes The Mind-Body Dualism Fallacy o Mind and Body are separate entities (?) Psychosomatic Disorders o Mind and body interact with one another. o In recent years has been called Psychophysiological Disorders Type A Behavior Friedman and Rosenman o Compared blood pressure, cholestrol, and clotting rates of accountants through the year. Found that observation in the first two weeks of April was much higher than rates in Jan-March and after April. o Looked at 3000 healthy men from ages 39-59(?) Based on 15 minute interview they were classified as Type A or Type B behavior Type A Behavior Pattern: Competitive Drive Time Urgency Anger Cynicism
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Hostility 257 of these men eventually had heart attacks. 178 were Type A. Hostility appeared to be the critical component to cardiac disease. Stress Hans Selye o Trying to discover a new sex hormone, he injected ovarian tissue extracts into other rats. Found other rats had shrunken thalamus glands (white blood cells), adrenal glands expanded, and they developed ulcers. Injected rats with other solutions, including toxic chemicals, found that same effect happened no matter what was injected into the rats. Believed same pattern because of physiological stress. Gave them other stress (swimming with no rest and extreme heat) and found same results. General Adaptation Syndrome Alarm Reaction Body mobilizes itself in order to deal with some kind of stress or emergency. It’s ideally suite for acute short term stressors. (Classic fight or flight response). Resistance Your body will do its best to adapt to this ongoing stressor. It’s going to be sustaining this emergency response to some degree. Eventually if you do this long enough, you’re going to damage your body by trying to keep this response up. If you do it for too long you will
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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Health Psychology Health Psychology...

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