plsc117_42408 - 4/24/2008 8:34:00 AM Asymmetry in...

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24/04/2008 07:34:00 Asymmetry in International Relations “Asymmetric” relationships Sources of power and influence: o Economic o Political  o Military Sometimes—but not always—influence can flow both ways Economic Sources of Power and Influence Trade and investment o Asymmetric trade  o Example of Value of trade with State A and State B. Value of trade to  A: 0.1 percent, State B 10 percent Real-life example: America’s sugar quota. (Termination of sugar  quota from Cuba and giving it to the Dominican Republic).  Real-life example: Nazi’s in the 1930s and giving special trade  conditions to Eastern and Southern European countries.  o Cartels as small state strategy. Cartel—cooperative monopoly. Organization of people who can  produce some commodity. Idea is that if you can get all these states to produce one  commodity and use that as leverage. Cartels with oil has been  the most successful. Cartels as Sources of Political Leverage: Oil Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries  (OPEC) formed in 1960 to maintain oil prices. Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting  Countries(OAEPEC) formed in 1967. OAPEC imposes oil embargo during 1973 Arab-
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plsc117_42408 - 4/24/2008 8:34:00 AM Asymmetry in...

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