Final Essay

Final Essay - HIST 1020 Due Dec 15 2008 The Affects of the...

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HIST 1020 Due: Dec. 15, 2008 The Affects of the Second Industrialization and New Imperialism on the “Natural World” History is the narrative of significant events and thoughts that have played a role in shaping society as it is today. The second industrial revolution and the period of “new imperialism,” that evolved from industrialization, beginning in the 1860’s and continuing into the twentieth century, was characterized by population growth, new inventions, and the geographic expansion of economic activity that paved the way for modernization and a new global world. The second industrial revolution can be classified as a time of innovation and technological change that radically altered the way individuals led their lives. Industrialization brought with it advancements in communication, chemistry, transportation, and new materials that dramatically enhanced the lives of many. With the discovery of new cost-effective methods for producing steel and the discovery of nickel as a hardener of steel, the quality of steel not only improved but became “more adaptable to a number of applications” (Kent S. K., 2008). Additionally, new methods for producing aluminum made it possible to commercialie its use, including, eventually, in the aircraft industry. These breakthroughs in production allowed for advancements in transportation. New modes of transportation such as the bicylce, automobiles, airplanes, and the construction of canals and tunnels led to faster transportation of both goods and people. These new forms of transport and an increase in railroad tracks led to advancements in communication allowing people to connect more easily and reach previously remote parts of the world. Simultaneously, the movement of information improved with the invention of the “telegraph,
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telephone, typewriter, and mass newsprint” (Kent S. K., 2008) that brought “indivudals, groups, and nations in almost instant contact with one another” (Kent S. K., 2008). The ability to stay in contact with distant populations and governments made colonization significantly easier. Some of the most important advancements came in the field of chemistry where “new medications, food stuffs, preservatives, and purification practices” (Kent S. K., 2008) improved and elongated the lives of Europeans. New medications were invented that decreased disease and improved health and the invention of anesthesia turned the field of medicine from butchery to science. “Sterilization and pasteurization made preserved foods safter” and the ability to “produce [preserved foods] in bulk” (Kent S. K., 2008) made them availble to a larger number of people. These improvements drastically increased the lifespan of individuals allowing for the population to increase. Along with the advancements to society, industrialization brought drastic changes to
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2009 for the course HIST 1020 taught by Professor Vavara during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Final Essay - HIST 1020 Due Dec 15 2008 The Affects of the...

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