TEST 2 - TEST 2 LIBEL defemation what others think about...

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TEST 2 LIBEL defemation : what others think about you o proof in court: must show a substantial and respectable minority (have a respectable world view) of the community thinks less of you 1. respectable minority 2. accusation of a serious crime 3. injury to someone’s job only have to prove one of these 3! Fault: o Actual malice: knowledge of falsity OR reckless disregard for the truth 1. Reckless disregard is shown by circumstantial evidence (each brick is evidence of reckless dis) o Public official: must be part of the govt, not just involved with the gvt 2. Need not be elected, paid by taxpayers, full-time 3. Other criteria: Important position Public cares Access to media Risk of media criticism o Public figures (defined in Gertz case) 4. 3 types: involuntary: placed in the public eye against their will or by chance all-purpose: someone with general fame in community o some courts argue must also have spoken publicly about a variety of topics limited-purpose: an individual who voluntarily participates in a particular public controversy to influence the outcome of that controversy o
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