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Unformatted text preview: State Behavior and Foreign Policy 06/03/2008 08:31:00 Explaining Policy Choice Accounting for mistakes. o Implicit to..(something about thinking about bad decisions being made leading to poor policy choices) when things go right decision makers are organizing themselves for action well and having the right priorities to make things go well. o However, the same process produces both good and bad choices. Think the Cuban Missile CrisisKennedy administration was able to convince the Soviets to remove the missiles in Cuba. Same group of people made decision that lead to the Bay of Pigs (screwed uplead to a disastrous outcome). Several approaches focus on sources of error o Perception and misperception Arguments about psychological policies that effect everybody o Bureaucratic politics Organizational problem o Domestic politics Other priorities got in the way of their foreign policy outcome. Perception and Misperception o Possible for decision makers may not perceive the world as it is. o Perceptions of Centralization (People have a tendency as viewing ones opponents as being more unified than they actually are; they also view their actors as more planned than they actually are.) Events are results of plants, not accidents. Think the KAL 007 being shot down by Soviet fighters on September 1, 1983. Events leading up to this appears to be a lot of bungling and bureaucratic disorganization (top executives did not make decision). Natural human tendency you tend to see patterns as humans. Opposing side is one actor, not several. From perspective of foreign governments the U.S. seems more unified than it actually is (even if theres conflict between Congress and the White House). Conversely, the U.S. can do the same. The Sino-Soviet Split, 1959-1960 o China and Soviet Union tried to establish friendly relations. o Stalin wasnt very respectful to Mao....
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- Spring '08