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PT paper 1 - In Platos Crito Socrates argues that a citizen...

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In Plato’s Crito , Socrates argues that a citizen has an obligation to their state based on two accounts: consent and gratitude. Based on the paternalistic and sexually communistic structure of The Republic, citizens in Plato’s ideal city would be obligated to obey their state because of a gratitude they are indebted to for the protection and education their government has provided them. Gratitude in the Crito is compared to a relationship one has with their parent- they were raised by the state and in receiving this upbringing they are obligated to obey their parent. In Plato’s Republic , the children are raised communistically, fathered by the government and thus in debt to their state. This claim is further supported with the allegory of the Cave, as those who succeed in leaving the cave return not based on consent, but because it is their obligation to enlighten the others. To defend this claim, I describe the consent and gratitude accounts given by Socrates in the Crito . Second, I illustrate the relationship between gratitude and communistic paternalism in the Republic , with regard to the Parable of the Cave . Finally, I explain that the citizens of the Republic obey for lack of other option, thus dismissing obedience based on consent. On the eve of his execution, Socrates explains to Crito that he should not try and escape because he is obligated to obey his state on the accounts of consent and gratitude. By living his life in Athens, he tacitly consented to obey their laws. While he never gives express consent to obey the state, his choice to live and remain in Athens passively obligates him to follow the law. His escape would be further unjust because of the gratitude he owes to Athens. The state provided him a home he found fit to live in his entire life, to raise his sons, and to lead his education. As he was content in Athens, and thus he must show appreciation to the government and home he supported. To justify
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this, he describes how the government sees him as their child, “Are we not, first of all, your parents…since you were brought into the world and raised and educated by us, how, in the first place, can you deny that you are our child and our slave?” (Plato, 60). Parents, and in comparison the polis, make sacrifices for their children, and a child should in turn not act against them.
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