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Unformatted text preview: Critical Perspectives on the Bourgeoisie in Nineteenth-Century Europe By: Conlan Shiono Due: 2/6/08 Nineteenth-century Europe characterized itself as a time when industrialization came to the forefront and class struggles heightened with the emergence of the bourgeoisie and proletarians. Marx and Engels strongly criticized the bourgeoisie through several key points in The Communist Manifesto, in which they often chastised the European wealthy for the use of free trade as exploitation of the rest of the world. The capitalist society that promoted free competition, according to Marx and Engels, has destroyed the family and its compassionate relations and turned it into a materialistic society based on money and self-interest. Not only that, but the bourgeoisie developed into a powerful class that widened the gap between the rich and the poor with the massive development of industrialization and furthered the notion of class struggles 1 . With the criticisms of the bourgeoisie in nineteenth-century Europe by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the lives and ideas of Flora Tristan and Charles Darwin only confirm the fact that the generalizations of the bourgeois ideals came to be true. Charles Darwin’s young childhood fell directly in line with Marx and Engel’s generalizations about bourgeoisie standards of living. Charles Darwin grew up in a very wealthy upper-class family where his father, Robert Darwin, supported the family as a decorated and successful physician 2 . Due to the immense wealth of his family, Charles Darwin never labored a day in his life unlike the millions of lower-class European families who struggled to earn enough not to starve. While Darwin enjoyed the care-free life of not working, poor individuals of the third estate, otherwise known as the 1 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (New York: Signet Classic, 1998) p. 53-55....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HIS 004C taught by Professor Margadant during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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History1Paper - Critical Perspectives on the Bourgeoisie in...

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