Campaigns and Elections Exam 2 Study Guide

Campaigns and Elections Exam 2 Study Guide - Campaigns and...

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Campaigns and Elections Exam 2 Study Guide Public Opinion, Elections and Election Forecasting: - Morton Chapter 10 - Bettleheim “A Greater Margin for Error” Campaigns, Advertising, and Voter Influence: - Morton Chapter 7 - Craig Chapter 5 Primary Elections - Morton Chapter 12 - Gurian, Paul-Henri & Haynes “Presidential Nomination Campaigns” - Norrander “The End Game in Post-Reform Presidential Nominations” Presidential Elections: - Morton Chapter 13 - Schumaker “Analyzing the Electoral College and its Alternatives” - Lutz, Abbott, Allen & Hansen “The Electoral College in Historical and Philosophical Perspective” - Mayer, Buell, Campbell & Joslyn “The Electoral College and Campaign Strategy” Mass Media & Voter Information: - Morton Chapter 8 - Craig Chapter 6 Primaries: - Started after turn of century - Party leaders maintained control over nominations until after 1968 - Progressive reforms meant to democratize the nomination process - 1912 (12 states) – Teddy Roosevelt tried to take republican nomination from WH Taft
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Still seeing brokered conventions into 1952 - Republican delegates chose Eisenhower over Taft (1952) - Dem delegates chose Stevenson over Kefauver (1952) - 1960 Kennedy defeats Humphrey in real primaries battles History of Nominations: - 1968 turning point for democratic process - LBJ pulls out after barely winning NH over McCarthy - RFK enters primaries, killed before Chicago convention though leading primaries - Humphrey successfully wins nomination at the convention - Rioting in Chicago, reforms follow McGovern-Fraser Commission (1969-1972) - Reform the process of nominating candidates - Required that at least 75% of each state delegation be selected at a level no higher than that of congressional districts - Increase in the number of states holding primaries and opening of participation by voters - Proportional representation to give influence by women, minorities, liberals - Problem: Nomination of “unelectables” McGovern (1972) and Carter (1980) - Republicans “Delegates and Organization Committee” made similar changes to codify rules Hunt Commission (1981-1982): - Dampen the influence of factions or ideological extremists - Set up super-delegates to give bigger voice to party mainstream and elites - Initially 14%, the 20% - Stronger ties between the nominee and elected officials - Helped Mondale get nomination in 1984 over Gary Hart Republican Winner-take-all System - In modern era, mostly winner take all - Benefit early front runners since mathematically a candidate can build a majority quicker even through close wins - Thought that republicans don’t have as many constituencies to satisfy, though this may be changing - Desire to avoid bruising battles What is preferable: Proportional representation or winner take all? Momentum and Frontloading
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Campaigns and Elections Exam 2 Study Guide - Campaigns and...

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