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Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Grammar

Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Grammar - Essay 1"The Language...

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Essay 1: “The Language Mavens” By: Conlan Shiono LIN 001-C05 Due: 4/23/08 When talking about language, what comes to mind are the separate and distinctive ways of studying grammar: prescriptive and descriptive. Both are informational ways of dissecting grammar and language to describe how they are utilized by people, but nothing else closely associates these two separate terms since both deals with separate parts of language. While prescriptive grammar deals more along the lines of telling people how they should talk, focusing more on the grammatical usage of words and sentences, descriptive grammar doesn’t rely on making recommendations, but shows how people actually talk and explains how we are able to understand speech and make good judgments about language. Prescriptive grammar and the rules associated with it can be easily described as the grammar rules taught in schools telling people how they should talk. Many of these rules taught in schools and embraced by high-achieving linguists include “Don’t split infinitives” and “Don’t begin a sentence with ‘because’”, but prescriptive rules have faced criticism for their uselessness and their reliance on several fundamental rules that
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