Lickety Split-1 - Code#4 Audience Individuals who have...

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Code #4 Audience: Individuals who have interest in both mysticism and science. Critical Response Draft 1 One of the most prominent and controversial aspects of human spirituality revolves around the question of mind-body polarization. Do intellect and spirit exist as opposing elements, or are they cohesive? Are body and soul in perpetual battle, or are they synergists? The question of what has been referred to as, “mind-body dualism,” has sourced countless schools of thought in relation to the spiritual quest. Specifically speaking, the ways in which Eastern and Western practices integrate and compartmentalize the mind and body are perfect examples of the spectrum of arguments that comprise this debate. While there is much disparity between the technical dynamics of this relationship, we believe that the spiritual quest is heavily dependent on some mystical concoction of mind and body. In their essay The Neuropsychological Basis of Religious, Or Why God Won’t Go Away, d’Aquili and Newberg argue that the spiritual experience is simply a facet of the mind. They also claim that spirituality can be categorized as one of the many evolutionary adaptations that “have become thoroughly ingrained in the human gene pool and ultimately human experience.” This point is important because d’Aquili and Newberg recognize the functionality of mysticism as both a form of self-maintenance and self-transcendence that has been essential in the survival of the human race. However, with advances in higher education, the need for spiritual activity in the Darwinistic sense has proved unnecessary. Nonetheless, spirituality has continued to thrive despite
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educational and adaptive advancements. This article maintains that the spirit and body remain disconnected and that the spiritual inclination itself can be regarded as nothing more than a genetically determined personality trait. These authors claim that the brain is comprised of operators, or forms of self maintenance. Simply, these are “networks of nerve tissue in the brain that perform specific functions … allowing us to perceive causality and … wholeness in the midst of diversity”(190). The brain’s operations stand as the basis of higher thinking. They allow for the connection of events and concepts, as well as the incorporation of transcendent states into the thought process.
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