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WORDS AND TERMS FROM GREEK &LATIN CULTURE The Greek Creation: Ancient Greeks thought that the universe created the gods. darkness chaos (utter confusion cf Kozmos / Cosmos) Gaia ‘earth’ (first goddess – female sex comes first - she had no husband, she gave birth to Uranus while she was asleep) Uranus (he sent water to Gaia who needed water to give birth – water filled the hollow places of the earth) Gaia + Uranus Cronus/ Kronos ( copulated with his sister Rheia) Gaia was always pregnant and gave birth to many children. Uranus didn’t like this. Gaia grew impatient and persuaded her sons to kill their father. Kronos castrated Uranus with the sickle Gaia gave him. Uranus was no more the master, the master was Kronos. (Freudian) Titans: (first generation of gods) Kronos in charge of time Hyperion in charge of light, stars etc. Rheina Zeus’s mother Themis in charge of justice Atlas supports the earth with his hand Mnemosyne in charge of memory The Titans were attacked by their children. Under the leadership of Zeus, they took control of the universe. Titan, titanic (adj) : tall, strong, powerful, of enormous size, gigantic - a person having outstanding qualities eg. USA, EU and Japan are the three titans of the world eg. clash of the titans eg. Himalayas are titanic mountains Hermes Messenger, god of commercial activity, god of theft, inventions Hermeneutics (n), hermeneutical (adj) : recently developed perspective in social sciences hermeneuen (Gr) to interpret Hermes was given the function of transmitting the messages of gods and people. Messages of gods were out of human understanding. He discovered language and writing. He was also a liar because words had the power to twist the meanings. He had to understand, express and explain the obscure messages. translation Hermeneutics is the theory of interpretation.(biblical understanding) (Tr yorum bilgisi) It requires philological method, linguistic analysis, human sciences, knowledge of myths and archetypes. Hermeneutics combines induction and deduction. It emphasizes subject- object relationship. It’s against 20 th century positivism and subjectivism. (romanticism). A hermeneutical text requires interpretation. eg. a sacred writing hermetic, hermetism, hermit (hermetism = occultism) Hermes: İdris (Henoch) Egyptian priest at the time of Moses. ‘ Hermes Trismegistus’ hermetic: made airtight by sealing / magic Hermes wrote many books on magic and alchemy. He invented a magical seal to make vessels airtight. hermetic: teachings attributed to Hermes. Hermetic powers are not possessed by ordinary people. Hermetic literature is obscure. Hermit: a person who prefers to live alone for moral or religious reasons. 1
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Henoch (Old Testament 200 years before Jesus) İdris (- Hızır and İlyas Islamic popular mythology) : was the first person to put on a dress, he protected all tailors. He invented and used the first pencil. He was also the first person to receive a revelation by Gabriel.
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