Etymology.201 Chapter 4

Etymology.201 Chapter 4 - CHAPTER 4 WORD ANALYSIS GREEK...

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CHAPTER 4 WORD ANALYSIS: GREEK ROOTS A root is a word element which cannot be further analyzed. It differs from a prefix in two ways : 1)It has a meaning which is considered more important. 2)It can stand out at the beginning or at the end. Prefixes are multifunctional. They cannot act as independent word elements. Etumos (Greek) : true Etumon (Gk), etymon (English) = true sense of a word Etymology (etymos + logos) : History of words, scientific study of the origin, also studies semantic shifts not just the roots, studies the whole history of the words. First etymology book is Kratylos by Plato. This book is a dialogue between Hermagenes and Socrates. According to Kratylos words come from nature, so there exists a natural relationship between objects and their meanings. On the other hand Hermogenes thinks that words acquire their meanings through human convention. An object may be signified by many words, not only one word.
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