PSC 2302-11 Chapter 12: The Fourth Amendment: Searches, Seizures, and Privacy Americans have debated and fought over the proper balance of individual rights and community rights for years. The Fourth (p 310) Amendment protects “The right of the people to secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures ”. This amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and lays out the criteria for search warrants (p 311) to provide the necessary reasonableness. Because it is not always possible to obtain an arrest warrant, many arrests are still made today, but arrests must be based on probable (p 311) cause. This was made evident in the case of Draper v. United States (p 311), in which the court ruled that it is impractical to obtain in an emergency. Because of today’s fast moving society, there are many situations that would make it difficult for law enforcement officers to do their jobs legally. Because of that, there are many exceptions that allow
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Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, unreasonable searches, Katz v. United States, Trespass C. Searches