Russian Week 2 - Study/Quiz Questions (1: pp. 72-130) : 1....

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Study/Quiz Questions (1: pp. 72-130) : 1. Give a profile of Alexander Nevsky (pp. 74-75). Alexander Nevsky became the prince of Novgorod and later the grand prince of Russia at a particularly difficult time in history. He faced the Mongol invasion and the impositions of the Mongol yoke on Russia as well as deal with the major assaults on Russia from Europe. He considered resistance to the Mongols hopeless, thus he instituted a policy of cooperation with the Mongols, thus becoming the favorite of the klhan and as a result becoming the grand prince of Russia in 1252. 2. Describe briefly the Novgorod veche (pp. 77-79). Also called town council, usually met at the main market place. Could be called together by the prince, an official, the people, or even a single person, through ringing the veche bell. 1) It invited and dismissed the prince 2) Elected the posadnik and the tysiatskii 3) Determined the selection of the archbishop by electing three candidates for that position. 4) Decided the issues of war and peace 5) Mobilized army 6) Proclaimed laws, raised taxes, and acted as the general supreme authority in Novgorod. 3. What grade from A to F would you give the judicial system in Novgorod? (P. 78) Substantiate your answer. If at all possible, compare it briefly with the present-day “due legal process” in the USA. I would give it a B grade mainly because the judicial system of Novgorod seems very similar to USA law system, in the way they have similar roles to a modern USA system. For example, the judges were the archbishop, the prince, they had townspeople as jurymen, and also the contending people could nominate a mediator or a present day lawyer. The punishment remained characteristically mild, with hardly any death punishment, mainly on grave occasions, banishment with the loss of property at will by the populace. However, it doesn’t get an A because the Novgorod also had some flaws. For example, when the mediation between the contending parties didn’t work they often resorted to judicial combat. 4.
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Russian Week 2 - Study/Quiz Questions (1: pp. 72-130) : 1....

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