RUT 3500 Week 3 - RUT 3500 Jan. 31 Feb. 4 Study/Quiz...

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RUT 3500 Jan. 31 – Feb. 4 Study/Quiz Questions (pp. 131-160) 1. Describe briefly Ivan the Terrible’s childhood and the first part of his rule (pp.131-137). “The Good Period” 1547 is commonly considered the introduction to Ivan IV effective reign. At the age of 16 he decided to be crowned as Tsar. Same year he married Anastasia of the popular Romanov boyar family. In 1550 also engaged in an army reform. In 1551 a great Church council, known as the Council of a Hundred Chapters, took place. It regulated the position of the church in relation to the state, also the Church lost the right to acquire more land without the tsar’s explicit permission. In 1553 an English captain, Richard Chancellor found a new route to the East through the Arctic Ocean. Established direct relations between England and Russia. The agreement of 1555 gave the English great commercial advantage in the Muscovite state. Missions to England brought specialist in medicine and mining. 1556 Ivan IV established general regulations for military service of the gentry. It had become impossible to remain a landlord without owing service to the tsar. Russia established rule over the entire territory of the khanate of Kazan. In 1558 started a major war against the Lovonian Order. Russian forces seized Polotsk from Lithuania in 1563. 2. Describe briefly the second part of Ivan the Terrible’s rule (pp. 136-140). A conflict between the tsar and the boyars followed logically from preceding history under the strong impact of certain events: In 1560 Anastasia died suddenly. Convinced that Slyvester and Adashev had participated in the plot to poison her he condemned them to judicial proceedings, but they weren’t allowed to state their case. Before long Ivan the Terrible’s wrath descended upon everyone connected with the Chosen Council. 1564 Ivan abandoned Moscow. In 1965 returned by high demands from the boyars and the people. He demanded 2 conditions: a separate subdivision known as oprichnina, and the right to punish evil-doers as he see fit. A reign of terror followed. Boyars and other people linked to Prince Kurbsky fell first.
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In 1572 he declared the oprichnina abolished, although division of the state into two parts lasted at least until 1575. In 1581 in a violent fit, Ivan the Terrible struck his son and heir Ivan with a pointed staff. The tsar died in March 1584, a Soviet autopsy of his body indicated poisoning. 3. What was the “oprichnina” and its consequences (pp. 138-139). In 1565 Ivan the Terrible created a special institution and subdivision in the Muscovite state to manage at his own discretion. The oprichnina came to stand for a separate jurisdiction within Russia. New corps of servants to Ivan the Terrible- called oprichniki , were the political police. Their purpose was to destroy those whom the tsar considered to be his enemies. In 1572 Ivan the Terrible abolished the oprichnina, but the division of the state lasted until 1575. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2009 for the course RUT 3500 taught by Professor Burak during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.

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RUT 3500 Week 3 - RUT 3500 Jan. 31 Feb. 4 Study/Quiz...

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