World Hist Unit 1

World Hist Unit 1 - World Hist 2 Review from 1 Colombus...

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World Hist 2 Review from 1 o Colombus Colombian exchange o Global diffustion of plants animals and pathogens as a result of contact between two distinct and heretofore separate worlds Revolution Needs o Discontentment or a problem o Ideas o Leadership o Opportunity Enlightenment o Power of state is relying on something else o Purpose of govt. is protection of natl. rights. (Life, Liberty, Property) o Natural rights put limits on authority of govt. o Loss of legitimacy of state = duty of people to rebel. Louis 16 th had absolutist power Absolutist state o Divine right o Competition must be crushed o Standing armies. Very expensive o State bureaucracies approve taxes for revenue Voltaire French estate system o 1 st estate clergy 130000 memebers owned 15% of land o 2 nd estate nobility 300000 50% of land main important people o 3 rd estate
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middle class merchants and artisans peasants 80% of population owned 30-40% What is it? Voting system usually was estate 1 and 2 versus 3 Louis the 16 th o Inherited debt o Bad harvests o Oath of tennis court We are a national assembly and we promise to stick together until we have a constution in France. Louis the 16 th has army fight off the national assembly o Great Fear Women march to Versailles o Declaration of the rights of man and citizen Idea of natural rights Idea govt. has duty to protect those rights All people are equal under the law (estates) Right to rule rests with people ^ important because it was all written down very important INIGURATION SPEECH o Show goals for country o Common good and common defense o Many undertones of peace o Change is coming o Oath Makes him accountable Protect people Show power internationally o Symbols Capitol on display Military Strength Many people there Family
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1792 french republic declared 1793 louis 16 executed o monarchy is over pre revolutionary fashons o exotic to revolutionary= simple o class neutral fashons o everyone was called citizen without class o playing cards were changed o Phrygian cap Symbol borrowed from roman empire Worn by freed slaves and their descendants would be citizens o Time began with birth of republic Reign of terror o Committee on public safety Fight back counter revolutionaries Denouncement Public trial Maximilien Robespierre Lawyer Wheels of parliament moved too slowly o Instutionalized repression and violence o Robespierre was a tyrant who killed many Leader of revolution Entered period of chaos o Ended in 1799 Napoleon o Came to power because people wanted someone o Returns to paris from Egypt. o
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World Hist Unit 1 - World Hist 2 Review from 1 Colombus...

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