Lecture Notes - Jomon Period c 10,000 c 300 B.C Origin of...

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Jomon Period: c. 10,000 – c. 300 B.C. Origin of Japan o There is no direct descendant of Jomon people now (concept of homogeneous Japanese race is false.) Theory o In 1970s and 1980s, diffusion (immigration invasion) was a key to consider cultural change, and scholars ignored local development shift of individual societies. People from the continent and from local powerful families chased Jomon people away to Hokkaido and Okinawa. However, recent genetic research shows that there is no significant difference between Japanese and Ainu, Ryukyu-jin. Also, there is no archeological evidence of sudden cultural change due to warfare and invasion. It was a gradual cultural shift from Jomon to Yayoi. Language, Lifestyle (customs), religion Jomon style? Ainu escaped from conflict – moved to Hokkaido area -- Kami in Ancient Japan o Translation of Kami in Japan into gods or deities is false (spirit is closer). o Kami automatically inhabits nature, and stays in trees, rocks, plants, mountains, rivers, oceans, foods, animals, and people (divine figures such as Amaterasu). o Kami is extraordinary divine nature which appears throughout the natural universe.
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o There is no single creator, and there were no specific ranking systems among Japanese kami. o Japanese people consider that Kami is everywhere. o Movie Hayao Miyazaki’s Spirited Away, Princess Mononoke, and many others contain the concepts of Kami o It is very unique that people maintain and appreciate type of institutionalized animism until 21 st century o Shinto represents Japanese’ appreciation to spirits in nature for thousands of years o 85,000 Shinto shrines Types of Shinto o Imperial House-based Shinto o shrine Shinto Jomon pottery o The oldest in the world o Jomon means patterns of rope, and many wares have been highly decorated. o Dogu ritual objects, purpose unknown o Jomon ornaments o Sannai Maruyama in A Yayoi period – 300 B.C. – c. A.D. 300 o Pottery – found in Yayoi-cho in Tokyo difference from Jomon ones- thinner and less decorated
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used for serving and storing rice and other foods o Rice crop on the rice field (wet-rice agriculture) – 500-300b.c. o rice culture did not spread well to Hokkaido and Okinawa (kept Jomon lifestyle) because of rich resources from ocean, people in these areas kept their fishery o warfare everywhere inside/outside Japan o China 221-206 bc qin kingdom established first empire, started to build great wall 202bc-220ad – han dynasty, beginning of silk road Ad 220-581 period of three kingdoms o Korea 1-7 th centuries ad; paekche, silla, and gogureo competed for supremacy Kofun (tomb) period 300-552 ad o Emergence of gigantic tombs of rulers called Kofun, mainly in kinki area o Yamato dynasty developed in kinki area o Ultimately exercised power over clans in major areas of Japan (except for northern part) o Acquisition of iron and control of resource networks was significant for
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2009 for the course JPT 3500 taught by Professor Takahashi during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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Lecture Notes - Jomon Period c 10,000 c 300 B.C Origin of...

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