Dance 45 Final Study Guide - Ann Pavlova One of Diaghileffs...

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Ann Pavlova - One of Diaghileff’s greatest stars. Embeded the romantic era that remained within the ballet psyche of commercial theatre for years to come. The Dying Swan was a solo choreographed for her by Michael Fokine -was modern and revolutionary. Was a traditional and conservative dancer- perforamces featured herself and another male dancer. “Style atmoshphere”. Represented Romantic era and stared in The Dying Swan , choreographed by Fokine -was revolutionary. Ballet Russe -The first dance company to break the ice and perform in America for which Balanchine choreographed in 1932 and Massine later became the choreographer. The ballet russe years (1909- 1929) created works such as Michael Fokine’s Scheherazade and Nijinsky’ s Rite of Spring -They were grand and expensive, requiring full orchestras, elaborate sets, large theatres and a wealthy producer. Diaghilev -Diaghilev replaced Fokine with Nikinsky as Choreographer. Born 1872 was a member of Russian nobility, studied law and music and became interested in ballet and opera and was given a supervisory post at Maryinsky theater. Was independent-became theatrical impresario and it was that role that he made his greatest contribution to dance. Gathered leading Russian dancers of the Imperial Ballet and the dancers consisted of Michel Fokine , Anna Pavlova and Nijinsky -those ballet’s were mostly the work of Fokine . His choreographers included: Fokine , Nijinsky , Massine , Nijinska and Balanchine. Diaghilev sighed a contract with the principlility of Monaco which became the Les Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo- before this the art was considered exclusively Russian. He recognized the ballet was a combination of choreography, painting and music and was able to get artists in these areas to collaborate fully with each other. Leon Bakst/Picasso -Painter that Diaghilev used for his collaborations. Diaghilev influenced every aspect of art in his era and brought together the great creative artist of his time in a “hotbead of collaboration” Michael Fokine -Entered Imperial School of ballet in 1880; was a brilliant dancer but became known as a choreographer and teacher rather than a premier danseur. Was much disturbed by the rigidity and sterility of Russian ballet. Described pas de deux as little more than an exhibition of agility and physical virtuosity-little choreography involved. Stressed the need for unifying ballet as a meaningful dramatic enterprise and for fusing its major elements of dance, music and painting. Dancers played role of Greeks with bare feet. In Parris he achieved success as a choreographer and staged performances such as Les Sylphides . Wanted to make ballet fully expressive art the mirrored life. In 1912, Diaghilev replaced Fokine with Nijinsky as choreographer.
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