L02 chapter 2-1

L02 chapter 2-1 - 1 Genetics Bio 2306.04 Ch 2-1:...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Genetics Bio 2306.04 Ch 2-1: Chromosomes, Cell Cycle, Mitosis 2 eubacteria archaea eukaryotes prokaryotes some genetic features in common with eukaryotes Three Major Groups 3 4 Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells 6 Cell Division in Bacteria Single, circular chromosome in most bacteria Nucleoid region Result: Two Identical Bacterial Cells 8 9 10 Functional parts of a eukaryotic chromosome Centromere kinetochore Telomeres Origin of replication Chromosomes telomeres sister chromatids centromere 11 12 13 one chromosome two DNA molecules sister chromatids DNA replication one chromosome one DNA molecule Duplication of Chromosomes: sister chromatids 14 1 homologous pair 2 chromosomes 4 DNA molecules DNA replication 1 homologous pair 2 chromosomes 2 DNA molecules Important not to confuse sister chromatids and homologous chromosomes! Homologous Chromosomes in diploid (2N) individuals contain information for the same traits 15...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course BIO 2306 taught by Professor Durhkopf during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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L02 chapter 2-1 - 1 Genetics Bio 2306.04 Ch 2-1:...

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