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Final_Material - mu1016 Final Material 04.05.07...

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mu1016 Final Material 04.05.07 - Revitalization Movements: o Definition: Social movements of a religious nature with the purpose of reforming society. Goals/objectives might be material, social status, etc. The point is that religion is the instrument of that change. Ex: Great Awakening; Abortion movement (people’s moral choices); creationism; family values; pornography They want to reshape society to traditional standards o 1. Occur during periods of stress. o 2. Religion is instrument of change and revolution. (ex: Middle East) o 3. Occur when real and ideal culture move too far apart. By real we mean the way things are vs. ideal, which is the way things are supposed to be. - Types of Change: o 1. Nativism/Revivalism: movements that attempt to revive or restore selected aspects of a perceived Golden Age of the past. The people that conduct these movements feel threatened by certain people or objects. These movements might include the removing of people (ex: Nazi Germany). Also certain objects can be purged (sexual toys). o 2. Vitalism: movements that attempt to create a utopia or improved future that emphasizes new developments and new patterns of behavior. o 3. Syncretism: movements that combine movements from w/in their culture w/ movements from outside their culture that are analogous or parallel. (ex: Christmas —done on day of Winter Solstice; Voodoo, Santeria) - Mechanisms of Change: o 1. Messianic: movements that emphasize the coming of a prophet, messiah, or savior. o 2. Millenaristic: movements that emphasize an apocalypse or catastrophic event after which a new age or world will emerge. (Ex: active cargo cults) o 3. Militaristic: movements that advocate the forceful resistance to the dominate culture. o 4. Political: movements that accomplish goals through political actions. o 5. Magical: movements that rely on ritual to accomplish change. - Neo-Paganism or Modern Witchcraft (make chart for Test 3) o There is a lot of variation w/in neo-paganism. o Major characteristics: Want to bend or shape nature (Wiccan)
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mu1016 1. Revival of paganism – extremely variable. This is a new religion b/c they don’t have a continuous practicing tradition. They are reviving an old, extinct religion. 2. Pagan gods are worshiped: Celtic, Greek, Egyptian 3. Methods – astrology, herbology, divination, incantation 4. Love and worship nature and all natural cycles (wouldn’t have church b/c church is man made, not made by nature. Also practice lunar cycles, etc… Anything that is w/in the rhythm of nature). 5. Goddess: earth, moon, fertility (ex: Mother Nature). 6. Male partner of Goddess – horned. Christians found these people worshiping a creature that was horned. They thought that this creature was the opposite of God and therefore must be the devil. This is where the horn element came from for the devil. 7. Major principle – do whatever you want to as long as it doesn’t hurt anyone
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Final_Material - mu1016 Final Material 04.05.07...

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