PWANI UNIVERSTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AHT 326 NATIONALISM IN AFRICA AND THE REST OF THE DEVELOPING WORLD Course Outline 1. Introduction: Definition and Growth of nationalism 2. The characteristics (ingredients) of nationalism 3. Theories of nationalism 4. Ideas of persons such a Mao Tse Tung, Amilcar Cabral, Kwame Nkurumah, Frantz Fanon, Ndabaningi, S. Ithole, Albert Luthuli, Steve Biko, Fidel Casro, Mahatma Gandhi 5. The Cold War Era 6. Decolonization: Case studies 7. Regional blocks in the developing countries 8. The North-South dichotomy vis a visthe North-South cooperation 9. The end of the Cold War and idea globalization 10.Problems and prospects of the nation state in Africa (Challenges) Reading List Ball, S.J. (1997) The International History of Cold War: 1947-1991 Birmingham, D. (1995) The Decolonization of Africa, Athens: Ohio University Press Boahen, A. (1990) UnescoVol 111 (Abridged), Nairobi: Heinemann Educational Publishers 1
Chafer, B.C. (1972) Faces of Nationalism: New Realities and Old Myths, New York: Harcourt Bruce Davis , B. (1978) Towards a Marxist Theory of Nationalism , New York: Monthly Review Press Fanon, F. (1967) The Wretched of the Earth Hansen, R.D. (1979) Beyond the North-South Stalemate, New York: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company Hodgkin, T. (1962) Nationalism in Colonial Africa , London: Fredrick Muller Publishers Hutchinson, J. and Smith A.D. (1994) Oxford Readers: Nationalism , Oxford: Oxford University Press Mazrui, A.A. and Tidy M. (1984) Nationalism and New states in Africa, Nairobi: Heinemann Educational Publishers Mitchel, K. (1986) The Cambridge History of Latin America Vol V and Vii . New York: Cambridge University Press Moreland, W. and Chatterjee, H (1957) A History of India , New York: David Mackay Co Inc Nyong’o A., (1990) Regional Integration I Africa: Unfinished Agenda , Nairobi: Bairobi Academy of Science Publishers Ogot, B.A. (1990) The Struggle for the Third World. A Historical Perspective , Nairobi: Kenyatta University Rodzinki W. (1979) A History of China Vol.1, London: Oxford University Press 2
INTRODUCTION: DEFINITIONS AND GROWTH OF NATIONALISM Nationalism has been one of the determining forces in modern history. It originated in 18 th Century and became a worldwide movement during the 19 th Century. Nationalism varied from one community or political entity to the other and from one period to the another. It is a historical phenomenon, which is determined by the political ideas and the social structures of the various lands where it takes root. Understanding of nationalism and its implications for modern history and for our time appears as fundamental today as an understanding of religion would have been for thirteen century Christendom. Nationalism can be defined simply as a state of mind in which the supreme loyalty of the individual is felt to be the nation state . This is a deep attachment to one’s native soil, to local traditions and established territorial authority. Although there are differences in nationalism in different parts of the world in terms of circumstances and forms, all have a common fundamental element embedded in the goals, aim and aspiration of whichever form of nationalism.
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