Chap004_Ethics_in_international_business

Chap004_Ethics_in_international_business - Chapter 4 Ethics...

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4-1 Chapter 4 Ethics in International Business
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4-2 An outline of chapter 4 本章概要 Ethics issues in international business 国际商 务中的道德问题 Employment practices 雇佣做法 Human rights 人权 payments & working conditions Environmental pollution 环境污染 Corruption 贪污腐化 Moral obligations 道德义务 Apartheid in South Africa 非种族隔离 ---the Sullivan principles 沙利文原则 The tragedy of the commons 公地的悲剧 Facilitating payments 加急 Corruption & efficiency Social responsibility 社会责任 Ethics dilemmas 道德困境
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4-3 An outline of chapter 4 本章概要 The roots of unethical behavior 不道德行为的根 Personal ethics 个人道德 Decision-making precesses 决策过程中的道德考量 Pressure-cooker culture Organization culture 组织文化 Unrealistic performance expectation 不现实的业绩期望 Leadership 领导力
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4-4 An outline of chapter 4 本章概要 Philosophical approaches to ethics 道德哲学观 The Friedman doctrine 弗里德曼主义 Cultural relativism 文化相对论 The righteous moralism 正义道德观 The naïve immoralism 天真的不道德观 Utilitarian and Kantian ethics 功利主义与康德主义道德观 The only SR of business is to increase profits within the rules of law Rights theories 权利论 Justice theories 正义论 When in Rome do as the Romans …… rejects the idea that universal notions of morality transcend different cultures. Home-country’s standards of ethics are the appropriate ones for companies to follow in foreign countries Firms from other nations are not following ethical norms in a host nation, a multinational should not either The maximization of good and the minimization of harm; People should be treated as ends and never purely as means to the ends of others Human beings have fundamental rights that transcend national boundaries and cultures Focus on the attainment of a just distribution of economic goods and services Straw man 稻草
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4-5 Introduction Ethics - accepted principles of right or wrong that govern the conduct of a person, the members of a profession, or the actions of an organization Business ethics are the accepted principles of right or wrong governing the conduct of business people Ethical strategy is a strategy, or course of action, that does not violate these accepted principles
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4-6 Ethical Issues in International Business The most common ethical issues in business involve employment practices human rights environmental regulations corruption the moral obligation of multinational companies
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4-7 Employment Practices Question: When work conditions in a host nations are clearly inferior to those in a multinational’s home nation, what standards should be applied?
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