Geography of the Pacific Rim Notes February 16, 2006 Realism : the dominant school of thinking (in 20 th Century) for International Political thinking. Believes that life is about the struggle for power. (That’s all international relations are). Thus all states are trying to become the MOST powerful. (or at least become more powerful than before). This means that in trying to gain power you are simultaneously trying to take away the power of your competitors. International Politics is usually in a state of constant conquest and war. (Not just power, also security). The fundamental desire of all states is to survive. Hobbes is one of the fathers of Realism. He is philosopher who said “life is nasty, brutish, and short”. Since there is no rule of law internationally, pretty much everything goes. People, just like nations, are driven by pure self-interest. Another key person, Machiavelli (“The Prince”) advised that ethics should not be involved in state politics. In an individual’s life, there should be ethics. Although in international politics morality has no place. Thucydides argued that all international politics/relations. When talking about the Peloponnesian War he said that international politics is all about the struggle for power. Very negative understanding of human nature. It say’s that by nature people are self-centered, greedy, and aggressive. They say that disorder or injustice is the natural byproduct of all human interaction. Thus a just international order is unlikely if people inhabit the world.