Chapter 35 - Chapter 35: Rebellion and Reaction in the...

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Chapter 35: Rebellion and Reaction in the 1960’s and 1970’s 1. The Roots of Rebellion: Young Revolt a. By the early 1960’s the baby boomers were now becoming young adults. Unlike their elders they had never been through a major war or an economic depression, the number of college attendees was higher than ever. b. The Greensboro sit- ins were the beginning of the decade lasting civil rights movement. c. As American involvement in Vietnam escalated, more and more young people were caring about the government and by the mid 1960’s a full fledged revolt had occurred and rebels were beginning to break up into 2 groups: the New Left and the counterculture. 2. The New Left a. The creation of The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) by Tom Hayden and Al Huber began the idea of the New Left b. Main focus: absence of individual freedom in modern life . Huge corporations designed to oppress and alienate the individual dominated the country. c. The term New Left was used to distinguish their efforts at grassroots democracy from those of the Old Left in the 1930’s. d. The tactics of the SDS grew nationwide consisting of thousands of students engaging in sit-ins at universities all over the country. e. Focus changed as the involvement in Vietnam grew. But Vietnam was known as the poor man’s fight. Due to deferments and exemptions students made up only 2%of the military. f. During 1968 campuses reached an unrest climax. SDS member were upset at Columbia Universities insensitivity for building a new gymnasium in an African American community. Students occupied campus buildings and finally New York City police were called in. students were so upset over the physical force used on them they began a strike which shut down the school for the rest of the semester. g. During 1968 the New Left split into factions, the most extreme called themselves the Weathermen. They went about bombing universities and government buildings. Most of them were arrested and the others went into hiding. By 1971 the New Left
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was dead. And the anti- war movement was beginning to fade. Attention of ecological awareness was beginning to blossom. 3. The Counter Culture a. The counter cultures were made up of hippies. They were not focused on mass strikes. They embraced a very “chill” lifestyle. b. Some countercultures focused on Asian religions like Buddhism, others just mainly did drugs. For a while they lived in community style living areas until conditions grew too crowded. They then decided to go out in the country to escape parents and other rules and just lived in nature. c. Outside rock concerts were also really popular. The largest one was the Woodstock Music and Art fair. For 3 days 500,000 “flower children” reveled in rock and roll music and cheap marijuana.
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Chapter 35 - Chapter 35: Rebellion and Reaction in the...

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