Notes March 2 - Geography of the Pacific Rim Notes March 2,...

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Geography of the Pacific Rim Notes March 2, 2006 Chinese Nationalism Sum Yat Sen: all the surrounding Asian countries are actually Chinese. This argument changed later. How China dealt with Taiwan: China has been consistently inconsistent previously to this, when it comes to their territories. The idea of liberating Taiwan isn’t mentioned until 1978 Constitution. (Again in the 1983 Constitution.) For the Chinese (especially the Chinese Communist Party or CCP) the Taiwan thing is directly relevant to the legitimacy of CCP rule. Furthermore the Taiwan thing has effect on if China will be a full, great power. This matters to the CCP because this decides whether they actually won the civil war. Furthermore if we allow Taiwan to go separate, this could lead to other minorities trying to become separate. IT is said that the future of Taiwan cannot be decided by their small population, but by the 1.3 billion of China. A much more relevant topic, it also involves the United States. The CCP argues that Taiwan would have been part of China had the US stayed out of China’s business. So in fact the US is using the Taiwan issue not because we like the Taiwanese, but because it is our way of controlling China’s proper place in the world. So how could China just let this go? China recognizes 56 different minorities in China. So nationalism has always been a negative concept to them. Therefore “patriotism” is preferred over “nationalism”. They define nationalism as an uncritical devotion to the state and leadership of the CCP. Whereas patriotism is loving the state and the government (not specified?). They prefer patriotism because they can define it themselves. Many Chinese scholars argue that the current territories surrounding the Chinese nation originally always belonged China. And the fact that they are now their own sovereign states is the result of civil war. (They are possibly rewriting history.) Furthermore, having this unified sense of history means that anyone else’s history (the Tibetans, etc) is nonsensical, as to the Chinese their history is Chinese history. Taiwan is a full democracy today, with a vibrant economy as well as a very large military. It is a fully functioning, mature, “heavy-weight” country. Instead of having a clear nationalism they have a Chinese constitution. (Taiwan’s real name is Republic of China (ROC).) From the Communist China point of view Taiwan isn’t a nation, it is a province within China. China has said that any nation that recognizes Taiwan will have their relationship with China broken. Thus only 20-30 nations in the world recognize Taiwan as a country. These countries are all small and poor. Taiwan can’t join any organizations (which require a country to viewed as such) because everyone is afraid of China. But it is not just China, there are domestic issues as well. No one in Taiwan can figure out exactly who a Taiwanese is, or where they come from. They come from all over, there are the aborigenes which come from rural mountain areas. There are also a bunch from the Fu Jain territory (emigrated during the Ching
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course SOC SCI 119 taught by Professor Bach during the Winter '06 term at UC Irvine.

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Notes March 2 - Geography of the Pacific Rim Notes March 2,...

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