HIST 106 - Chapter 23 An American Empire Intro 1 During the...

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Chapter 23 An American Empire Intro 1) During the nineteenth century Americans had little interest in foreign affairs. Their main priorities were industrial development, western settlement and domestic politics. 2) Because Americans had the idea that it was ordained by God to expand its territory, American farmers were becoming increasingly involved in the world economy which in turn required an expanded naval presence to protect the global shipping lanes. For these reasons during the last quarter of the nineteenth century the U.S. expanded its military presence beyond the Western Hemisphere. Toward the New Imperialism 1) By the late nineteenth century Europe had already started developing an idea of imperialism in Africa and Asia seizing territory, establishing colonies, promoted economic exploitation and Christian evangelism. Imperialism in Global Context America’s main quest for expansionism was markets and raw materials. The second industrial revolution created such an increase in production, business leaders felt compelled to find new markets. By the 1880’s many countries had used military force to conquer Africa and Asia. Many sent Christian missionaries to convert native people, which resulted in the loss of cultures indigenous traditions. This strong imperial outlook between rival countries leads to unprecedented conflict in the twentieth century. American Imperialism Agriculture exports had been the basis of economic growth. American manufacturers had got to the point of being able to outsell foreign competitors. The question of if this should lead to territorial expansion as well arose. A small influential group thought the best thing to do was take control of the seas. Captain Mahan became the leader advocate of sea power and western imperialism. He published a book The Influence of Sea Power upon History. He argued the nation greatness and prosperity flowed from sea power. A gradual expansion of the navy had begun even before Mahan’s book. Eleven new seagoing vessels were built by 1896. Imperialist theory Racial superiority boosted the imperialist theory. Many justified this idea because of social Darwinism, nations claimed the fittest survive and prevail. John Fiske argued the “English” race was destined to dominate. Josiah Strong added religion to his argument saying the Anglo Saxons had 2 great ideas: civil liberty and a pure spiritual Christianity. Expansion in the Pacific
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1) Americans continuing idea of gaining access the Americans regions valuable portals like the British crown colony of British Columbia sandwiched between Russia possession in Alaska and Washington territory caused America to jump on the idea of by Alaska for 7.2 million when they heard of Russia desire to sell it. Samoa and Hawaii
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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HIST 106 - Chapter 23 An American Empire Intro 1 During the...

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