Chapter 30 - History-106 America Chapter 30 The Second...

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History-106 February 18, 2007 America- Chapter 30: The Second World War Introduction : The war transformed the social and economic life, as well as international affairs. WWII was the most destructive and far-reaching conflict in history. New instruments of destruction were created- plastic explosives, flame throwers, proximity fuses, rockets, jet airplanes, and atomic weapons. Racist propaganda flourished on both sides. Over 50 million deaths and physical destruction was incalculable. Whole societies were transformed, nations dismembered, and societies transformed. America’s Early Battles Setbacks in the Pacific o The Japanese captured a string of allied outposts in the 3 months before the end of Dec. 1941: Guam, the Gilbert Islands, Hong Kong, Singapore and Java. o The Japanese capture of Rangoon in Burma, in March 1942 cut off the Burma Rd, the main supply route to China o By May the Japanese had ousted U.S. forces from the Philippines. o The Japanese Navy later suffered a “victory of disease”. Coral Sea and Midway o The American forces finally stopped the Japanese advance toward Australia with two naval battles.
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The Battle of the Coral Sea (May 7-8, 1942)- stopped a fleet convoying Japanese troop transports toward New Guinea.
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