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Property Black Letter Law Outline

Property Black Letter Law Outline - Black Letter Law...

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Black Letter Law Outline Law of Capture  How do you get property in something wild? Tompkins Test  (Pierson v Post) 1. Manifest an unequivocal intent to appropriate the animal to his individual use (Mortally  Wounding) 2. Deprive the animal of his natural liberty (Physical Possession / Manucaption) 3. Bring it under his certain control (Nets and Snares) [Rule providing certainty –When you don’t trust the fact finder] How do you lose property in something? Things of a Fugitive Nature 1. Return it to its original wild and natural state (Hammonds Oil) 2. Ratione Soli – Once on land of another, it’s owned by the property owner a. Hot Pursuit – Exception to Ratione Soli Note: Applies to Oil, Gas, Minerals, Foxes, Wild Animals Things not of a Fugitive Nature 1. Intent – must no longer want the item (Haslem’s manure) Tips: 1. Argue the exception 2. Act/Omission problem Nuisance Is there a nuisance? 1. Yes, if there is a  substantial,   non-trespassory  interference with the quiet use and  enjoyment of one’s land. a. Non-Trepassory Interference: from air and water, pollution, noise, odors, vibration, flooding, excessive light (or inadequate light) b. Substantial: Property value has gone down, causes a physical change to the property, repeated and continuous (Jost alfalfa farmers $250) Is it public or private? 1. Public – Interferes with a number of people and affects health, welfare, peace and safety  (police powers) or special injury to defendant [Flies in Spurr] 2. Private – Interferes with a limited number of persons
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Is the nuisance creator liable for the nuisance? 1. Yes if intentional and unreasonable a. Intentional: acts for the purpose of causing the nuisance and knows the nuisance  results from his conduct (Morgan v. High Penn Oil) b. Unreasonable: Jost standard and the Restatement i. Jost Neighborliness standard 1. Is the level of the nuisance reasonable for one neighbor to inflict  on another ii. Restatement 1. Balancing of the Utility: Gravity of the harm with the utility of the  conduct a. Gravity of the Harm i. Extent of harm (serious, pervasive, ongoing) ii. Character of the harm (wet manure) iii. Social Value placed on the harm iv. Suitability of the action to the neighborhood  (Residential v. Industrial) v. Burden on the purpose invaded to avoid the harm b. Utility of the Conduct i. Social value placed on the primary purpose of the  conduct ii. Suitability of the conduct to the neighborhood iii. Impracticability of avoiding or preventing the  invasion 2. Yes, if unintentional and negligent, reckless, and hazardous 3. No, if substantial but reasonable [Exceptions] a. Hypersensitivity – Asthma sufferer and air pollution b.
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