Brain_Injury - Traumatic Brain Injury Know the structure...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Brain Anatomy and Physiology Know the structure and function of the different areas of the brain. Traumatic Brain Injury
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Pathophysiology Primary Injury Initial damage resulting from traumatic event Contusions, lacerations, foreign object, etc. Secondary Injury Resulting from swelling and/or bleeding Rigid cranium restricts expansion and pressure increases If ICP continues to rise, herniation may result
Background image of page 2
Pathophysiology Closed brain injury Rapid acceleration and deceleration Collision with another object Open brain injury Penetrating object Blunt trauma causing brain exposure
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of Brain Injury Concussion Temporary loss of neurologic funciton No apparent structural damage Period of unconsciousness ►Thinking Point: If your patient has suffered a concussion, how would you focus your assessment? Contusion More severe than concussion Brain is bruised s/sx depend upon size and associated cerebral edema
Background image of page 4
Types of Brain Injury Diffuse Axonal Injury Widespread damage to axons throughout the brain Seen in mild, moderate, and severe head trauma s/sx of global injury ►Review: decerebrate and decorticate posturing
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Types of Brain Injury Intracranial Hemorrhage Most serious injury Symptoms result from distortion of brain and ↑ICP Location Epidural Subdural Intracerebral
Background image of page 6
Subdural Hematoma Blood collects between the dura and the brain Can be acute, subacute or chronic ►Describe your assessment priorities
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Epidural Hematoma Blood collects between the skull and the dura Can be caused by laceration of middle meningeal artery Typically there is a momentary loss of consciousness, followed by a lucid interval Neurologic deterioration follows rapidly
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 30

Brain_Injury - Traumatic Brain Injury Know the structure...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online