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10-31Chapter11LectureForStudents

10-31Chapter11LectureForStudents - Chapter 11 Personality...

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Chapter 11: Personality: Theory, Research, and Assessment
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How Important is our Understanding of Personality? Let’s do an experiment and see…
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How Important is our Understanding of Personality? Group A’s student: Intelligent, skillful, industrious, warm, determined, practical, cautious
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How Important is our Understanding of Personality? Group B’s student: Intelligent, skillful, industrious, cold, determined, practical, cautious
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How Important is our Understanding of Personality? Listed below are pairs of adjectives, select the one of each pair that best describes the hypothetical student: Generous or Ungenerous Happy or Unhappy Good-natured or Irritable Popular or Unpopular Humane or Ruthless
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How Important is our Understanding of Personality? Can you guess how different the two students were? They differed on one trait: Group A: Intelligent, skillful, industrious, warm , determined, practical, cautious Group B: Intelligent, skillful, industrious, cold , determined, practical, cautious
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Psychological Approaches to Personality There are several types of theories attempting to There are several types of theories attempting to explain how personality develops: explain how personality develops: a. Psychoanalytic perspective a. Psychoanalytic perspective --that personality arises as we resolve --that personality arises as we resolve psychosexual conflicts psychosexual conflicts b. Behavioral perspective b. Behavioral perspective --that personality is a set of behavioral --that personality is a set of behavioral tendencies/habits tendencies/habits c. Humanistic perspective c. Humanistic perspective --that people have an innate drive to become who they --that people have an innate drive to become who they were meant to be were meant to be d. Biological perspective d. Biological perspective --that individuals are born with certain --that individuals are born with certain traits traits
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Defining Personality: Consistency and Distinctiveness Personality Traits Dispositions and dimensions Consistent across time and situations Distinct differences between individuals Trait Theory’s Evolution Gordon Allport Raymond Cattell Robert McRae and Paul Costa
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Defining Personality: Consistency and Distinctiveness The Five-Factor Model Extraversion Neuroticism Openness to experience Agreeableness Conscientiousness
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Think “OCEAN” The Five-Factor Model O penness to experience C onscientiousness E xtraversion A greeableness N euroticism
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Psychodynamic Perspectives From the text: Psychodynamic theories include all the diverse theories descended from the work of Sigmund Freud that focus on unconscious mental forces. Theorists: Sigmund Freud Carl Jung Gordon Allport
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Psychodynamic Perspectives Freud: Psychoanalytic Theory Levels of awareness C onscious- what you’re currently aware of P reconscious- material that is easily retrieved U nconscious- hidden well below the surface
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Psychodynamic Perspectives Freud:
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