Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Meaning The significance we attach to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 2 Meaning – The significance we attach to phenomena such as words, actions, people, objects, and events Human Perception Perception- The process of actively selecting, organizing, and interpreting people, objects, events, situations, and activities Selection- what we notice Self-fulfilling prophecy- Expectations of judgments of ourselves that are brought about by our own actions Organization Constructivism- The theory that we organize and interpret experiences by applying cognitive structures called schemata Schemata- Cognitive structures we use to organize and interpret experiences. Four types are prototypes, personal constructs, stereotypes and scripts. Prototype- A knowledge structure that defines the clearest or most representative example of some category Personal constructs- A bipolar mental yardstick that allows us to measure people and situations along specific dimensions of judgment. Stereotypes- A predictive generalization about people and situations.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 2

Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Meaning The significance we attach to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online