Medieval & Renaissance Notes

Medieval & Renaissance Notes - The Medieval Period...

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9-5-07 -What is music? (organized sound)  4 aspects of sound -frequency (pitch)-how high or low the sound is  -dynamic-how high or soft the sound is  -duration/length -timbre-quality of the sound  3 textures in music -monophonic-doing things in unison -homophonic-vertical -polyphonic-horizontal  Function -absolute -programatic-where music is meant to depict something musical  -is organized into a question and an answer  Pivot- when the tune changes  9-7-07 MEDIEVAL Theocentric -"god-centered"  Missarium Antiphones -the first important document that we have in music  today  Pope Gregory the Great -late 1400's/early 1500's  -established an orphan choir in Rome  -wanted all chants written down 
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-Acoustics are at least 50% of the music, the other half is  you and the music  5 Types of Chant -Gregorian - named for the Pope Gregory the Great, flourished around  Rome.  -Byzantine - Byzantium (city)-Constantine ruled-originally named  Constantinopal but changed to Istambul. Is 2nd most ornate.  -Milanese (Ambrosian) - Milan, Northern Italy-St. Ambrose was in  Milan-most ornate of all chants.  -Garlican - from Switzerland, Sengall-renegade monks in the  monastery.  -Mozaratic - from Spain, Moorish invasion-brought cultural changes.  Methods of Notation -Neumes-  square notes, extremely exact  1. Syllabic-1 note per syllable  2. Neumatic-2-4 notes per syllable  3. Melismatic- many notes per syllable  Methods of Performance  1. Direct - everybody sings the entire piece 2. Responsorial - when one sings, and another responds  3. Antiphonal-  group vs. group  Tonal V. Modal Tonal -music that uses the scale that we are familiar with.  Modal -2 groups of 4 on the scale equal in distance -every note on the piano is a half step away from the next  9-10-07 Development of Polyphony -In the 8th century, parallel motion or "parallel organum"  -Principal Melody=vox principalis (comes from vox organalis)  Changes 1. 8ve (octave)  2. 5th-5 notes apart 3. 4th-4 notes apart 
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4. Composite-3 parts 
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course MUS 101 taught by Professor Kent during the Fall '08 term at Rhode Island.

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Medieval & Renaissance Notes - The Medieval Period...

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